Lori A. Brainard

Associate Professor of Public Policy and Public Administration
Faculty: Full-Time
Address: Media and Public Affairs Building
805 21st St. NW
Washington, DC,
Phone: 202-994-1091
Fax: 202-994-6792
[email protected]

Areas of Expertise

  • Civic Engagement & Public Participation
  • Social Media
  • Information & Communication Technology
  • Communications
  • Regulation
  • Grassroots advocacy

Professor Lori Brainard is primarily interested in communication. The bulk of her work focuses on how ordinary people, grassroots advocacy organizations and government agencies use the internet to activate and mobilize for change and to disseminate information, conduct transactions and engage in community building and collaboration. Her current research focuses on how police departments use social media to engage with residents. Originally from Massachusetts, Professor Brainard grew up in the Boston area and attended University of Massachusetts/Boston and Brandeis University. At GW she teaches Introduction to Public Administration and Service, MPA Capstone and the Ph.D. core course, Public Administration Literature.  She has also taught Legislative Management and Federal Regulation of Society.

Professor Brainard's CV


PhD, Politics, Brandeis University
BA, Political Science, University of Massachusetts, Boston


Selected Publications

Refereed Book:

Brainard, Lori A. Television: The Limits of Deregulation. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, (2004.)

Journal Symposium:

Brainard, Lori A. Special Issue Guest Editor. “Directing Public Affairs Programs.” Journal of Public Affairs Education. In production. Forthcoming. Summer 2017.

Journal Articles:

(*indicates peer reviewed)

Hatcher, W., McDonald, B. and Brainard, L. “How to Write a Case Study for Public Affairs.” Journal of Public Affairs Education. 24(1): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/15236803.2018.1444902

Brainard, L. A. “Symposium Introduction: Directing Public Affairs Programs.” Journal of Public Affairs Education. 23()3): Forthcoming. (2017).

Brainard, L.A. and D. Infeld. “The Challenges and Rewards of Service: Job Satisfaction among Public Affairs Program Directors.” Journal of Public Affairs Education. 23(3): (2017).*

Brainard, L. A. “An Internet Utopia? Government Use of Web Technologies to Engage Citizens in the US.” International Journal of Organizational Theory and Behavior. 19(4): 459-478. (2016).*

Edlins, M. and L. A. Brainard, “Pursuing the Promises of Social Media? Changes in Adoption and Usage of Social Media by the Top 10 Police Departments.” Information Polity. 21: 171-188. (2016).*

Brainard, L. and Mariglynn Edlins. “Top 10 US Police Departments and Their Social Media Usage.”  American Review of Public Administration 45(6): 728-745. (2015).*

Brainard, L.A. and T. Derrick-Mills. “Electronic Commons, Community Policing and Communication: On-Line Police-Citizen Discussion Groups in Washington, DC.” Administrative Theory and Praxis: 33 (3): 383-410. (2011).*

Brainard, L.A. and J. G. McNutt. “Virtual Government-Citizen Relations: Informational, Transactional, or Collaborative?” Administration & Society, 42 (7): 836-858. (2010).*

Brainard, L. A. and J. M. Brinkerhoff. “Sovereignty Under Siege, Or a Circuitous Path for Strengthening the State?: Digital Diasporas and Human Rights” International Journal of Public Administration. 29(8): 595-618. (2006).*

Brainard, L. A. “Television Policy: Economic vs. Content Regulation and Deregulation.” Focus on Law Studies 20(1), pp. 1,8-9 manuscript length 10 pages (lead article in special issue on “Television, the FCC and Regulation”). American Bar Association. (2004).*

Brainard, L. A. and P. Siplon. “Towards Nonprofit Organization Reform in the Voluntary Spirit: Lessons from the Internet.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 33(3): 435-457. (2004).*

Brainard, L. A. and J. M. Brinkerhoff. “Lost in Cyberspace: Shedding Light on the Dark Matter of Grassroots Organizations,” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. Vol. 33, pp. 32s-53s. (2004).*

Brainard, L. “Citizen Organizing in Cyberspace: Illustrations from Health Care and Implications for Public Administrators.”  American Review of Public Administration 33(4) 384-406. (2003).*

Brainard, L. A. and P. Siplon. “Cyberspace Challenges to Mainstream Nonprofit Health Organizations.” Administration & Society 34(2): 141-175. Lead Article. (2002).*

Brainard, L. A. and P. Siplon. “The Internet and NGO-Government Relations: Injecting Chaos into Order.” Public Administration and Development. 22(1): 63-72. (2002).*

Brainard, L. A. “Presidential Leadership, Interest Groups, and Domestic Policymaking Summitry: Balancing the Values of Efficiency and Representation.” Public Integrity 2(2): 91-104. Lead Article. Spring (2000).*

Refereed Book Chapters:

(*indicates peer reviewed)

Brainard, L.; K. Boland, McNutt, J. “The Advent of Technology Enhanced Leaderless Transnational Social Movement Organizations: Implications for Transnational Advocacy.” In McNutt, J. and L. Goldkind, Promoting Social Justice in Cyberspace: Local, National, and Global Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accepted for publication. (2018).*

McNutt, J. and Lori A. Brainard, with Yingying Zeng and Primoz Kovacic. “Information and Technology For Associations.” In Smith, D. H., R. Stebbins and J. Grotz, eds., Chapter 43. The Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations. Hampshire, England: Springer Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 160-173. (2017)

Brainard, Lori and J. Augeri. “Advocacy Of, By, and For the Internet: The 2012 Protests Against Anti-Piracy Legislation” In McNutt, J. and Lauri Goldkind, Promoting Social Justice in Cyberspace: Local, National and Global Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accepted for Publication.  (Forthcoming 2017). (2018)*

Brainard, Lori A. "Fostering Engagement Through Social Media: The Case of the DC Police Department.” In Zavattaro, S. and T. Bryer, Social Media For Government: Theory and Practice. Pp. 117-134.  Routledge. (2016).*

Brainard, Lori A. “Cyber-Communities,” in Anheir, H. K. and S. Toepler, eds. International Encyclopedia of Civil Society. pp. 597-601. New York: Springer Publications. (2009).

Personal Interests

  • Running
  • Reading (esp. Literary Novels)
  • Cooking/Baking

Classes Taught

PPPA 6000  Perspectives on Public Values 
PPPA 6001  Introduction to Public Service and Administration
PPPA 6009  MPA Capstone Seminar
PPPA 8100  Doctoral Seminar in Public Administration Literature

Professor Lori Brainard

Dr. Lori Brainard photographed by her son, Marc Liebowitz.

Tweets, Likes, and Hashtags: The New Language of Law Enforcement?

June 16, 2014

By Jane Bornhorst, Columbian College Director of Communications

Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are just for fun, entertainment, and catching up with friends, right? Think again. Research by Lori Brainard and two Trachtenberg School doctoral students – Teresa Derrick-Mills, PhD ’12, and Mariglynn Edlins, PhD ‘12 – demonstrates how social media sites are providing law enforcement new ways to inform and engage with residents and stakeholders as never before.

In ongoing studies, Brainard is looking into how police officers in Washington, D.C., and 24 other large U.S. cities use social media to interact with the public. So far, she’s found that ordinary citizens are responding to the digital platforms in droves.

“Police agencies are hierarchical, and social media is flattening, which makes it such an interesting intellectual and practical puzzle” said Brainard, who taught a class on social media governance and civic engagement in Fall 2012. “It’s a forum that is conducive to increased public engagement.”

Similarly, what makes Brainard’s research so fresh is that nobody else is really doing it. Data collection is difficult (technologies keep changing) and analysis is slow given the amount of data, so most studies focus on Twitter and are simple content analyses.

She has found that most of what goes on is informational in content; however, there is some interaction with the community, such as tips about drug activity in a neighborhood, and some of that is collaborative, including police and residents working together to shut down drug houses.

“Collaboration has been rare, but police are taking positive steps to build a relationship with members of the community,” she added.

Brainard is focusing much of her research on the presence and activity of police forces on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Yahoo! Groups—an online collection of discussion boards used primarily by the D.C. Police Department. To date, YouTube has proved to be especially helpful for collecting tips on fugitive criminals. Citizens are contacting police departments with information after watching surveillance footage of the offenders on the video sharing site. Facebook and Yahoo! Groups (the latter in D.C.) have been more useful for conversation and collaboration.

And some of her findings seem to dispel the idea of a “digital divide,” or a lack of internet access among low-income populations. “Most of the truly helpful collaboration between police and residents in D.C., for example, has been in Ward 8, which is a low-income area,” she noted.

Brainard’s research reveals another interesting tidbit about the nation’s capital: Residents from D.C.’s different precincts perceive or interpret the same issues in different ways.

“On a recent 4th of July, for instance, the residents living in the poorer districts were notifying police that they had heard gunshots, whereas people in more affluent areas heard firecrackers and reported them as a nuisance that was keeping them from getting their sleep,” said Brainard.

Brainard started her research with help coding copious amounts of data from Sarina Rosenberg, MPA ’13, Molly Callaghan, MPA ’14, and currently works with graduate student Brittney Seiler, MPA ’15, and undergraduate Honors Program students Andrew Beauregard and Jessica Clarke. They look at all Facebook, Twitter and YouTube posts for a three month period from 25 police departments.

Brainard has presented numerous papers at conferences and has published three articles from her research so far. She co-authored an article, “Virtual Government-Citizen Relations: Informational, Transactional, or Collaborative?” in a 2010 issue of Administration & Society. “Electronic Commons, Community Policing and Communication: On-Line Police-Citizen Discussion Groups in Washington, D.C.,” co-authored with Teresa Derrick-Mils, appeared in Administrative Theory and Praxis in September 2011. And, “Top 10 US Police Departments and Social Media,” co-authored with Mariglynn Edlins will appear in a forthcoming edition of American Review of Public Administration.