Lori A. Brainard
Associate Professor of Public Policy and Public Administration
|Address:||Media and Public Affairs Building
805 21st St. NW
Washington, DC, 20052
Areas of Expertise
- Civic Engagement & Public Participation
- Social Media
- Information & Communication Technology
- Grassroots advocacy
Professor Lori Brainard is primarily interested in communication. The bulk of her work focuses on how ordinary people, grassroots advocacy organizations and government agencies use the internet to activate and mobilize for change and to disseminate information, conduct transactions and engage in community building and collaboration. Her current research focuses on how police departments use social media to engage with residents. Originally from Massachusetts, Professor Brainard grew up in the Boston area and attended University of Massachusetts/Boston and Brandeis University. At GW she teaches Introduction to Public Administration and Service, MPA Capstone and the Ph.D. core course, Public Administration Literature. She has also taught Legislative Management and Federal Regulation of Society.
PhD, Politics, Brandeis University
BA, Political Science, University of Massachusetts, Boston
“Information and Technology In and For Associations and Volunteering” in D. H. Smith, R. Stebbins, and J. Grotz, eds., The Palgrave Research Handbook of Volunteering and Nonprofit Associations. Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.
“Top 10 US Police Departments and Their Social Media Usage.”(co-authored with Mariglynn Edlins). American Review of Public Administration. March 2014.
“Electronic Commons, Community Policing and Communication: On-Line Police-Citizen Discussion Groups in Washington, DC.” (Co-authored with Teresa Derrick-Mils). Administrative Theory and Praxis, 33 (3): 383-410. September 2011.
“Virtual Government-Citizen Relations: Informational, Transactional, or Collaborative?” (co-authored with John G. McNutt), Administration & Society 42 (7), pp. 836-858, 2010.
“Cyber-Communities,” in International Encyclopedia of Civil Society (Helmut K. Anheir and Stephan Toepler, editors). 2009. New York: Springer Publications, 2009.
“Sovereignty Under Siege, Or a Circuitous Path for Strengthening the State?: Digital Diasporas and Human Rights,” with Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff, International Journal of Public Administration. Vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 595-618, 2006.
Television: The Limits of Deregulation. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004.
“Towards Nonprofit Organization Reform in the Voluntary Spirit: Lessons from the Internet,” with Patricia D. Siplon, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. Vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 435-457, September 2004.
“Lost in Cyberspace: Shedding Light on the Dark Matter of Grassroots Organizations,” with Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. Vol. 33, special symposium issue on Community and Grassroots Associations and Organizations, pp. 32s-53s, September 2004.
“Citizen Organizing in Cyberspace: Illustrations from Health Care and Implications for Public Administrators.” American Review of Public Administration Vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 384-406, December 2003.
“Cyberspace Challenges to Mainstream Nonprofit Health Organizations,” with Patricia D. Siplon, Administration & Society Vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 141-175, May 2002 (lead article).
“The Internet and NGO-Government Relations: Injecting Chaos into Order,” with Patricia D. Siplon, Public Administration and Development, Vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 63-72, February 2002.
“Presidential Leadership, Interest Groups, and Domestic Policymaking Summitry: Balancing the Values of Efficiency and Representation.” Public Integrity, Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91-104, Spring 2000 (lead article).
- Reading (esp. Literary Novels)
PPPA 6001 Introduction to Public Service and Administration
PPPA 6009 MPA Capstone Seminar
PPPA 8100 Doctoral Seminar in Public Administration Literature
Dr. Lori Brainard photographed by her son, Marc Liebowitz.
Tweets, Likes, and Hashtags: The New Language of Law Enforcement?
By Jane Bornhorst, Columbian College Director of Communications
In ongoing studies, Brainard is looking into how police officers in Washington, D.C., and 24 other large U.S. cities use social media to interact with the public. So far, she’s found that ordinary citizens are responding to the digital platforms in droves.
“Police agencies are hierarchical, and social media is flattening, which makes it such an interesting intellectual and practical puzzle” said Brainard, who taught a class on social media governance and civic engagement in Fall 2012. “It’s a forum that is conducive to increased public engagement.”
Similarly, what makes Brainard’s research so fresh is that nobody else is really doing it. Data collection is difficult (technologies keep changing) and analysis is slow given the amount of data, so most studies focus on Twitter and are simple content analyses.
She has found that most of what goes on is informational in content; however, there is some interaction with the community, such as tips about drug activity in a neighborhood, and some of that is collaborative, including police and residents working together to shut down drug houses.
“Collaboration has been rare, but police are taking positive steps to build a relationship with members of the community,” she added.
Brainard is focusing much of her research on the presence and activity of police forces on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Yahoo! Groups—an online collection of discussion boards used primarily by the D.C. Police Department. To date, YouTube has proved to be especially helpful for collecting tips on fugitive criminals. Citizens are contacting police departments with information after watching surveillance footage of the offenders on the video sharing site. Facebook and Yahoo! Groups (the latter in D.C.) have been more useful for conversation and collaboration.
And some of her findings seem to dispel the idea of a “digital divide,” or a lack of internet access among low-income populations. “Most of the truly helpful collaboration between police and residents in D.C., for example, has been in Ward 8, which is a low-income area,” she noted.
Brainard’s research reveals another interesting tidbit about the nation’s capital: Residents from D.C.’s different precincts perceive or interpret the same issues in different ways.
“On a recent 4th of July, for instance, the residents living in the poorer districts were notifying police that they had heard gunshots, whereas people in more affluent areas heard firecrackers and reported them as a nuisance that was keeping them from getting their sleep,” said Brainard.
Brainard started her research with help coding copious amounts of data from Sarina Rosenberg, MPA ’13, Molly Callaghan, MPA ’14, and currently works with graduate student Brittney Seiler, MPA ’15, and undergraduate Honors Program students Andrew Beauregard and Jessica Clarke. They look at all Facebook, Twitter and YouTube posts for a three month period from 25 police departments.
Brainard has presented numerous papers at conferences and has published three articles from her research so far. She co-authored an article, “Virtual Government-Citizen Relations: Informational, Transactional, or Collaborative?” in a 2010 issue of Administration & Society. “Electronic Commons, Community Policing and Communication: On-Line Police-Citizen Discussion Groups in Washington, D.C.,” co-authored with Teresa Derrick-Mils, appeared in Administrative Theory and Praxis in September 2011. And, “Top 10 US Police Departments and Social Media,” co-authored with Mariglynn Edlins will appear in a forthcoming edition of American Review of Public Administration.