Electives and/or Tool Courses

Students, especially those without a previous master's degree, may take between 9 and 15 credits of electives. Generally, students use elective credits to supplement course work in their field of study. However, prerequisite courses at the graduate level can be counted as electives toward degree requirements.

Students who have not completed course work in intermediate microeconomics or statistics may need to use elective credits to fulfill these requirements. In individual cases, students may be required to take tool courses as a foundation for their dissertation research. Any required tool courses are normally be determined by faculty in the student's public administration or public policy field. Students who are required to take tool courses may count these courses as elective credits. In some cases, however, tool requirements may cause the total number of credit hours to exceed the normal 72-credit requirement.